What It Takes To Be An Albino

Albinism is a rare, genetically inherited variance present at birth[i]. It is not infectious or contagious. Inside the African societies, people with albinism look distinctly different from others as they do not have black skin[ii].  People with albinism are considered as people with disabilities. They require continuous special skin care, especially in maintaining their white skin. In Tanzania, only 2 percent of them pass the age of 40, and less than 10 percent survives the age of 30 as they die prematurely of skin cancer due to lack of melanin[iii].


Albinos are everywhere in Africa, but they are rife in East Africa. Tanzania and Malawi have the heaviest population of people with albinism in the world. In Tanzania alone, there are approximately 170, 000 albinos, making it the country with the highest rate of these masses[iv].

Notwithstanding, there are misconceptions and conjectural myths about Albinism[v]. Most consider the albinos as ghosts. As a consequence, people with albinism are stigmatised. To be an albino means to be an outcast.  They are facing severe persecution such as discrimination, abduction, ritual abuse, mutilation, bullying[vi], and barbaric killing. Perpetrators are, for the most part, close relatives, acquaintances, and neighbours.  Ignorance and lack of educational awareness drive many to speculate that people with albinism have magical abilities. Due to endless bullying or fear of being abducted to ritual killings, some children with albinism are forced to stay away from schools and playgrounds[vii].  Most Albinos murdered were for money-scheme ritual process as there are beliefs that their body parts can usher in money, employment success, and stroke of luck[viii]. In Malawi, even after they have been laid to rest, there have been 39 reported instances of ritual killers exhuming and kidnapping the albinos’ corpses, and some arrested in possession of albinos’ bones[ix]. Some of them have had their limbs cut off for witchcraft rituals. Women and children with albinism are the most vulnerable. The adult females are cited as Machilisto[x], which means ‘cure’ in Malawian. Female albinos are being raped because of the theory that anyone infected with HIV/AIDS who have sex with them will be cured[xi][xii].

Since 2000 to date, 448 assaults on albinos have been reported in 25 African nations[xiii]. Last year, the Tanzanian police cracked down on 32 witch-doctors who were found guilty of killing almost 75 albinos for ritual[xiv]. In 2010, around 10 people were condemned to death for murdering people with albinism[xv].

Nevertheless, the persecution of albinos continues. Many of them, particularly the Malawians and Tanzanians albinos at this moment in time live in perpetual fear of terror. Some lucky ones have succeeded in fleeing their countries to seek asylum elsewhere. Under the Same Sun[xvi], is one of the NGOs helping Tanzania people with albinism.

Sadly, their governments fail to protect them[xvii]. Most shockingly, many high-level African politicians are now being accused and suspected of killing albinos for ritual in order to win their elections[xviii].  Whitney Chilumpha, a toddler with albinism was abducted at night while sleeping with her mother and dismembered[xix]. A few days ago, local residents found a bag containing the torso of a six-year-old albino boy, known as Faztudo Filipe, in the Mudzingandze province of Maputo, Mozambique[xx]. The assailants had gone off with his arms, legs and other parts of his body.

The problem is not just the focus on the failure of the concerned governing bodies to guarantee adequate security for these people. One ought not to forget that this issue has a cultural base. The discourse of superstitious regarding albinism is embedded in the African culture, and the general mentality of the people is well-grounded on the subject. If one cannot get through to the grassroots to convince the people that discrimination of the albino is a criminal offense against humanity; there is virtually little that can be done at the national level. The people’s frame of mind has to shift. Albinos are human beings, and not ghosts. Hence, they deserve the right to life. #StopkillingAlbinos

[i] (de Chazournes, 2014)

[ii] (Lund, et al., 2015)

[iii] (Global Disability Watch , 2016)

[iv] (United Nations, 2009)

[v] (Office Of The High Commissoner Human Rights, s.d.)

[vi] (Lund, et al., 2015)

[vii] (Brune-Lockhart, et al., 2013; 2014)

[viii] (Akbar, 2016)

[ix] (Foreign Affairs Publisher, 2016)

[x] (Moreno, 2016)

[xi] (Amnesty International, 2016)

[xii] (Foreign Affairs Publisher, 2016)

[xiii] (Global Disability Watch , 2016)

[xiv] (Reuters in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania, 2015)

[xv] (Brune-Lockhart, et al., 2013; 2014)

[xvi] (Under The Same Sun, s.d.)

[xvii] (Amnesty International, 2016)

[xviii] (Ghanaweb, 2016)

[xix] (Foreign Affairs Publisher, 2016)

[xx] (Allafrica, 2016)

Welcome Refugees! 

9th Annual Conference of the Canadian Association fornRefugee and Forced Migration Studies (CARFMS)


EGH, University of Winnipeg, 515 Portage Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba. 

Date and Time

14 May 2016 / 9:00-10:15am
Keynote Address  Title: 

Welcome Refugees! 

Mr Francisco Rico-Martinez 

Co-Director, FCJ Refugee Centre 


– People who request asylum status since 2012 are still without response because the Canadian system is creating a long backlog of asylum seekers’ cases.

– There are 13000 case of asylum seekers are in the backlog of the IRB. And the IRB is still expecting 18500 cases this year 2016. 

– Somalians are difficult to reintegrate in Canada. 

– the refugee system of Canada needs a reform. There is a need to reset the system from the bottom up. 

– There is a need to create man immigration class to fix the broken system of Canada immigration. 

– Visa renewal in Canada takes about three to four months processes. 

– 50000 cases are currently opened for removal procedure (expulsion) in metropolitan Toronto. 

– There is no parliament committee in Canada that check the cases of migrants in long-term detention.

– How many temporary workers do we have in Canada? 

– Non-status people in Canada are being given educational opportunity thanks to the initiatives of the FCJ Refugee Centre.  

– During the Second World War, half a million were received in Europe. 

– give a hand to the neighbors and try tom protect them 

– We have not talked about now the issue of human trafficking when the Canadian government has not given Justice too their survivors of human trafficking. 

– In Canadian immigration system, there is bias. 

– The women are not entitled to say the truth because the man is given the chance and not the woman to talk.

 – The pre-removal risk assessment. 

Legal Responses to Europe’s Migrant Crises

9th Annual Conference of the Canadian Association for Refugees and Forced Migration Studies (CARFMS)

FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT: Exploring a Path from Armed Conflict, Persecution, and Forced Migration to Conflict Resolution, Human Rights, and Development 

Date & Time:

12 May 2016, 10:30am-12:00am


MSC Room 1MS16, Menno Simons College, University of Winnipeg, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada 




JUSTICE ISSAC LENAOLA: Presiding Justice, Constitution and Human Rights Division, High Court of Kenya; Deputy Principal Judge, East Africa Court of Justice; and Judge of the UN Special Residual Court for Sierra Leone

Acknowledging the impacts of interdiction: Producing post-interdiction knowledge and policy change>


1. Sonah Marwah : Program Officer, Project Ploughshares 

2. Sandy Irvine: Assistant Professor, Political Science, Wilfrid Laurier University.

Responsible treatment In the field of Migration – Opinion 2/13 and the Shifting relationship between the ECHR & EU law.


3. Nanette NEUWAHL: Jean Monnet Professor, EU Law, Unversity of Montreal and Director of Studies, College of Europe (Natolin) 
The protection of human rights will deteriorate or ameliorate. 

What is the screening process to interdict someone from entering the country? 

– the expectation of an independent bodies 

– the way of telling migrant’s stories through technology>

Societal Depreciation of Women with Disabilities

Conference CSW60 14-24 UN Headquarters, New York

Parallel Event: Sustainable Development Goals or Sidelining Disabled Girls:? Making The SDGs Stand For All Women and Girls 


Time: 14:30p.m — 16:00p.m

Date: 17/03/2016

Location: CCUN Boss 8th Floor, New York

Organisers: Women Enabled International, Sisters of Frida, Women with Disabilities India Network.

  1. Disabled rural women are less privileged than the urban disabled women.
  2. Disabled women
  3. It seems contradictory for disabled women to push for rights to the health facilities
  4. Many believe that people with disabilities cannot make concrete decision about themselves, which is incorrect.
  1. Disabled women have tough times accessing legal justice
  2. Rape against disabled women is decriminalised.
  1. Law enforcement agencies in the UK don’t believe disabled women when they report rape or sexual assaults.
  2. 505 disabled women were sterilised in Columbia
  3. Sterilisable of disabled women started with the consent of their legal guidances.
  1. A national survey of demographic and health that help to gain sexual reproductive health care and services for women with disabilities.
  2. Data gathering of information on disabled women in Columbia.


Social Justice System: The Irregularities 

Social justice should mean gender equality, poverty reduction, fair application of law, equal wealth distribution, equal job opportunity and social benefits irrespective of race, religion, age, status, sex, education & language.   
It should enable freedom to choose different identity, liberty of expression, elimination of prejudice and stigmatisation. Social justice denounces xenophobia, nationalism, Eurocentrism, religionism, Islamophobia, anti-Semitism, ethnocentrism, racial profiling, and separatism. 
It should speak out for and promote tolerance for migrants and refugees, regardless of their countries of ethnic origin and skin colour. 

Above all, Social Justice simply means,

“Live and let live.”

Eradicating Early/Forced Child Marriage

Eradicating Early/Forced Child Marriage

Girls Not Brides.org is entirely dedicated to denouncing child marriage. We highly recommend this website to any one interested in learning more about the causes, consequences and further information relating to countries practising this atrocity.



It only takes a parent’s decision to make right the life of a child. It makes an entire community to build a peaceful nation. Where parents’ willingness to marry off their little girl to someone 5 times older than her all in the name of altering their impoverished status or to satisfy their cultural rites, are all acts of ignorance. Lack of awareness ruins the intelligent minds. Lack of education destroys a productive country. Child Marriage is pandemic, an abuse of a girl-child right to livelihood and freedom. Child Marriage is a mask of deceit, promoting a darker world, dimming the illuminating lives of future female generation. No girl-child is supposed to be subjected to the marital trails meant for a full-grown female. The girl-child must have the freedom to carry on her education, be given the choice to fulfil her prospective dreams, have the liberty to mingle with her age mates without any orders from anyone other than her parents. The girl-child of 8 – 17 years old is not a bed mate for a moron all in the name of marriage. Holy matrimonial is not for a girl-child of 8-17 year-old! Her place is in the school and not in the kitchen acting as the young wife to a dunce.

A man who marries to a girl-child of 8 -17 year-old is a perpetrator and an abuser. It is high time to take action and STOP child marriage. It must never happen again. Not now, not anymore, not a practice for the coming generation.


Where Two or Three People Are Gathered….

Cover-where two or three women are gatheredWhere Two or Three People Are Gathered….

Where Two or Three People Are Gathered….by Princess Ayelotan, is a collection of short stories addressing issues affecting women. Available for purchase on iTunes/iBooks store.