The Dark Faces Of Child Labour 

Child labour is child abuse. It is modern-day slavery and a violation of the rights of the child. Article 6b of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) demands that governments ensure continuous growth of the child, while Article 19a calls on State parties to implement protective measures for the child from all forms of abuse. In spite of this convention, many regimes have failed to provide lifelong security and protection to the children. It seems that most children, safeguarding policies just ended up locked in office desks, and nobody worries. 

Child labour has many dark, disgusting faces. It includes sexual exploitation of minors, such as child prostitution, Internet pornography, and holiday sex-trade to for western men. Some parents, particularly mothers, are offering their little daughters for sex in exchange for money and material gifts. The other kinds of child labour are; forced physical unpaid jobs, forced conscription as child soldiers, drug & animal trafficking, forced pick-pocketing & petit thefts. Certain kids are pulled out of schools to stay home as nannies to look after their younger siblings simply because their parents cannot afford to pay for babysitters. At present, other children are serving as permanent long-term house-helps in many African and Asian states. The majority of them face severe exploitation as their employers do not pay them the agreed wages. They are crushed, mutilated, assault, sexual by their employers or employers’ children and sometimes some are killed.  

In many regions around the world, children who are street-hawking are not seen as experiencing abuse. Although, some of these youngsters are placed under duress to hawk, some are not. And the latter fall in the category of these children who are from impoverished societies, and they are obliged to work to sustain their family. 

Lack of proper education is one major characteristic of child labour. But how does one anticipate a poor family, with barely one-dollar per day to survive, to have the monetary means to send their children to school? 

Child labour has no particular target. Every child is apt to experience one form of child labour. Yet, many unaccompanied migrants-children have and are still falling prey to forced labours. The vulnerability of orphans female children remains undisputed, especially to forced child-sex works. 

It is quite difficult to pinpoint child labour to a particular type abuse against children. It is vast. The reality is, there are other types of child labour yet to be identified.

Childhood Trauma

Second Biennial International Childhood Trauma Conference


Location: Melbourne Convention Centre, South Wharf, Melbourne, Australia

Date: 6th – 10th June

Pre Conference Day: 5th June


First Conversation Title: Dan Hughes and Jon Baylin


Trauma and Disability 

Institute on Violence, Abuse and Trauma (IVAT) 13th Annual Hawai`i Summit 

Title: Assessing and Interviewing Traumatised Individuals with Developmental Disabilities. 


 Date: 29th March 2016


 Location: Hawai`i Convention Center




 Speakers: Steven Choy & Robert Geffner 


Understanding the earning and communication process 

1. Receptive function 

2. The ability to receive 

1. Receptive, perceptive and integrative functioning. 

2. Expressive functioning 

3. Perceptual learning problems ( Inadequate/damaged receptors) 

4. What is this sound? 

5. What do you see? 

6. Auditory perception is the ability  

7. Visual closure: inability to perceive 

8. The ability to get information and convert it to our own understanding. 

Forced Migration and the Consequences of Terrorism on Children 

Conference: CSW60 14-24 March 2016

Parallel EVENT: Forced Migration, Human Trafficking and Child Armies:

How ISIL is Exploiting the Conflict in the Middle East

Date: 15/03/2016

Time: 12:30 — 14:00p.m


Recruiting children under 18 for armed groups. The violation of the abduction of children for criminal purposes.


 Some of Daesh’s crimes against children are,

1. Killing of children

2. Forceful recruitment of children

3. Rape and Abduction, and

4. Denial of humanitarian aid to children

 In Aleppo, there is the increase use of foreign children as fighters in the ISIL group in Syria, Systematic recruitment of Iraqi children as executional and suicide bombers and the recruitment of girls of sexual assault and other forms of atrocities. 

What is the future of children in some countries that ISIL controls
? Probably none. 


1. Respect for human rights to prevent extreme violence against children need to be taken into serious consideration.

2. Reintegration of children that were formally associated with ISIL.

3. Engagement with children that have been linked previously to ISIL.

4. Empower youth and promote human rights for all.

 Understand that nothing that Daesh do is Islamic.

Daesh does not emerge out of a vacuum. They, including Boko Haram, exist out of wrongful ideology to dehumanise others by promoting violence and continuum of aggression.

The scholarship of Islamic feminism covers all interpretation that see Islam as a source of hope and aims to prevent any counter- human rights. Women need to be supported to prevent violence extremisms and mothers are capable of stopping their children from radicalisation and extremism.


Migration is a natural phenomenon that is identified with humanity.

— Some people who do not wish to leave their countrified are forced to moved as result of war, trafficked and displaced from everything that they are attached to.

— Armed conflict is the major cause of forced migration.

— Gang action fuel forced migration

— Forced migration exposes children to sexual exploitation, pornography, pickpocketing, prostitution, etc.

— Forced migration put children in danger in the hands of law enforcement agencies as these children do not have legal papers

— Detention for children put several psychological effects

— Some are repatriated and later abandoned to their faith.

— 26000 child migrants have entered Europe earlier January 2016.

— About 5000 children disappeared from Germany’s asylum centres

— Forced migration is being overlooked and not taken seriously as there is unresponsive attitude from states.

— NGO Committee of Migration

— Root causes of codling situations that are leaving children vulnerable and being exploited by terrorists groups.

— Migrant children are often promised false hope and

— Held the government accountable.

— Under no condition should a child-migrant be detained.

— Recognition of the experiences of the child-migrants and prioritise their issues.

Organisers: Greek Orthodox Archdiocesan Council (GOAC), World Council of Churches, Lutheran Office for World Community.

On Child Abuse

Child Abuse is alternately interpreted as a failure or an exaggeration of the maternal function, a lack of parenting skil, or an inappropriate dependence on or resentment of a vulnerable other. 

Evan Stark & Anne H. Flitcraft, Women and Children at Risk: A Feminist Perspective on Child Abuse (p.255) in Violence Against Women: Classic Papers [2005]. 

An Essay and A Poem by Claire Princess Ayelotan

I first met Mila Zaharieva-Schmolke, founder of Youth Connected by Sounds (YCBS) at a conference in Berlin last August. The result of our long interesting discussion is the publication of one of my essay and a poem, both of which have an excerpt in beautiful audio recording, under the sub tab ‘Women in the Society’.

Below is the direct link,

The essay centres on the consequences and lessons learned of sexual violence in conflict from the perspectives of the book, ‘A Woman in Berlin’, and the poem focusses on a woman; her betrayal, incest in the family and her regrets.

The National Association For People Abused in Childhood

NAPAC: The National Association For People Abused in Childhood

The exposure of cases of Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE) appears on a rampage. From Child trafficking, child sex tourism, forced and temporary marriages to cyber-sexing of children. There are numerous forms of CSE being revealed in numerous researches by academics and professionals.


However, there are these groups of people, who were in their childhood, abused; sexually, physically, emotionally and psychologically, without anyone being notified. Years after years they’d live with the deep scar, traumatised, and carry on thinking that NO ONE will believe them if they tell their stories. Some for fear of being tagged liars, some shut up in order to protect the ‘reputation’ of their family name, some; because others have classified them as being troubled children that are in a position of going to the extreme.


Whatever the reasons are, these people are worth heard, help and assisted. This is the reason why NAPAC, a UK non-govermental organisation, provides all supports for survivors of childhood abuses.