In spite of the modernisation of life, the basic patriarchal dynamic continues to express and replicate itself through violence in the private sphere . The privilege granted to males by most religious and secular segments of the society is one major contributing factor that leads to men’s predominant role as abuser in domestic violence . In the case of religion, the place of the male is invented as superior— macho, ruler and independent. In that case, the male upholds the position of authority to execute his intentions while as for the female; she must maintain the subordinated role. Vivid stories of this were described in ‘Exodus’ preaching of Moses coupled with the epistles of Apostle Paul forbade women holding the post of power within the Christian community, or exhibiting her bodily appearances under personal freewill. The question of what has the society has cut out for the fate of the woman, as a completed entity, cannot be clearly expatiated. For Walker noted that, “the fundamental issue of equality is not whether one is the same or different; it is not the gender difference; it is the difference that gender makes.”
Men and women are fundamentally different. We are conditioned on this difference not solely based on biological sex but likewise on our capacity. When looking at a woman, the general notion is the language of a softer figure, fragile and incapable of accomplishing definite duties. Mentality of this kind pushes the fate of the female into the lower sphere where she does not have opportunities to display her potentialities.
In the past, efforts were dedicated to tackling and understanding male perpetrators of IPV. That attention has been shifted. Gradually though, that view is evolutionary as we are being presented with more tales of women being classified as users of violence.
How can one define women’s use of violence? Referring to violence against women and girls, there is a widespread opinion that men are the principal perpetrators and users of violence. According to Hines and Douglas , the use of “Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) by women against men is a phenomenon that has little attention, both within the scholarly literature and the popular media.” Not in a wider perspective anyone would imagine that a woman would reach that point of being the abuser: she being the one assaulting the man/woman physically, emotionally, psychologically, and in whatever ways. The long-established notion that women are harmless plus what Straus  asserts as, “most cultures define women as “the gentle sex,” making it difficult to perceive violence by women as being prevalent in any sphere of life”, cause hindrance on illuminating the reality that the female is capable of assaulting her partner. Contending the unconfined argument that women used violence because they are ‘pushed’ to the wall seems to be justifiable on one angle and unjustifiable on the other side of the spectrum. Universally and being human, we all are sometimes propelled to what I describe as ‘heating point’; in the moment when an anger succeeded in overpowering the sense of logical reasoning, where missing even a tiny bit of self-control.
Notwithstanding, it might be worth noting the complications of the research on why women are more and more becoming perpetrators of abuse; most in particular within the household community. Nevertheless, emphasis need not be transposed about the general view that men abuse. Capelon  pointed out that while in heterosexual relationships women sometimes fight back and in exceptional cases men are injured or killed, severe, repeated domestic violence is overwhelmingly initiated by men and inflicted on women. Attacks by men cause more injury (both physical and psychological), more deaths, and more fear . Not all men are the perpetrators. Not all women are abusers.
But what happen when women become the principal perpetrators or the instigators of the violence? On several occasion, I’d sit down with men, engaging in a lengthy discussion about the causes of violence against women. Most of the responses I got from them were associated with the fact that many women ‘provoke’ the abuse either by endless nagging or direct assault. Irrespective of whatsoever; that does not warrant the beginning of an uninterrupted act of aggression against women. In order word— because a woman ‘provokes’ the man into a state of exasperation that he could think he is entitled to abuse her. Vice versa, it is not within my attention to defend women that are perpetrators of violence against their partners. For this research, women’s use of violence in IPV relates to both married and unmarried couples. It is worth noting that violence by women is not always restricted to their partners. It can be also directed at children, or elderly parents .
The next post will highlight the forms and causes of women’s use of violence in intimate relationship and why men do not report.
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|8||Walker, Lenore. The Battered Woman Syndrome. Springer Publishing Company, New York, 2009.|
|9||Bryant-Davis, Thema. How Does Trauma Affect Safety? In Thriving In The Wake Of Trauma: A Multicultural Guide. AltaMira Press, Plymouth, 2008.|
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